Meet the Authors

Etienne Côté

Etienne CôtéDVM, DACVIM Cardiology, DACVIM Small Animal Internal Medicine

Dr. Etienne Côté is a board certified veterinary cardiologist and small animal internist. He was born and raised in Montréal, Québec, Canada, and he currently resides in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada where he is Associate Professor in the Department of Companion Animals at the Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island.

He obtained his doctorate in veterinary medicine from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York in 1993.

He trained as an intern in small animal medicine and surgery at the California Animal Hospital in Los Angeles in 1993-1994, then pursued his specialty training there in small animal internal medicine (1996-1998) and in cardiology (1998-1999).

Dr. Côté was staff cardiologist at Angell Memorial Animal Hospital in Boston from 1999 to 2002, and visiting clinical instructor at the Faculty of Veterinary Science, Onderstepoort, South Africa, for 6 months in 2002-2003.

Dr. Côté has since been with the University of Prince Edward Island where he teaches cardiology both in the lecture theater and in clinics to final-year veterinary students. He received the Merial Award for Excellence in Clinical Teaching in 2004, the Pfizer Carl J. Norden Distinguished teacher Award in 2005, the Janet Pottie Murray Award for Educational Leadership in 2007, and the Association of Atlantic Universities Distinguished Teaching Award in 2009.

He is author and editor-in-chief of two editions of the Clinical Veterinary Advisor textbook for small animal practice; coauthor of the only textbook on heart diseases of cats, Feline Cardiology; cocreator of Veterinary Board Games study tools; and author or coauthor of 28 scientific articles and 59 textbook chapters.

He owns two Newfoundland dogs, and his hobbies include cleaning dog hair and drool, travel, languages, running, hiking, snowshoeing, and Shotokan karate.

Stephen J. Ettinger

Stephen EttingerDVM, DACVIM Cardiology, DACVIM Small Animal Internal Medicine

Dr. Stephen Ettinger is a world renowned veterinarian, boarded veterinary cardiologist, and best selling text book author. In 1971, he co-founded the Berkeley Veterinary Medical Group, which was the first group veterinary specialty practice in the United States. He is the founder and prior owner of California Animal Hospital located in Los Angeles, California and the former Chief Medical Officer of PetDRx, a national veterinary practice group. In addition to his work in private practice, he served as a Clinical Professor of Veterinary Medicine at UC Davis from 1972 to 1980 and was a Visiting Professor at the Veterinary School at the University of Sydney in Australia in 2011.

Dr. Ettinger co-authored with Dr. P.F. Suter, the first veterinary small animal specialty textbook, Canine Cardiology (1971) and he has been author and editor of the Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine, a two volume treatise on veterinary medicine, available in five languages. He has served on the Board of Trustees at Cornell University and holds memberships at the California Veterinary Medical Association, the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. He completed a National Institute of Health Postdoctoral Fellow in Cardiology, is a Diplomat of the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine (Cardiology and Internal Medicine), and a Fellow (FACC) of the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association (FAHA).

Dr. Ettinger has more than 40 years of experience in the veterinary care industry and his areas of expertise include small animal veterinary internal medicine, small animal cardiology, hospital management and professional veterinary development. He currently resides in California where he continues to practice small animal medicine and works with a number of animal health companies, including serving as the Nestle Purina Fellow in Veterinary Medicine and a spokesperson for Purina Care pet insurance.

Wayne Schwark

Wayne SchwarkDVM, PhD. Pharmacology, M.Sc. Pharmacology

Wayne S. Schwark was born and raised in Ridgeville, Manitoba, Canada. The grain and beef cattle farm where he spent his formative years is located in the Red River Valley. His primary and secondary education was largely in a two-room schoolhouse and his high school graduation class consisted of 3 people.

Following high school graduation, he attended the Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph in Ontario and received his Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) in 1965. He completed his internship at the Ontario Veterinary College and received a Masters in Pharmacology from the University of Guelph in 1967. He subsequently initiated his Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) studies at the Medical School, University of Ottawa and received a PhD in Pharmacology in 1970.

Following a brief sojourn at the Food And Drug Directorate in Ottawa, he was offered an Assistant Professorship at the College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca in 1972. He progressed through the academic ranks and became full Professor of Pharmacology in 1987. He retired in January, 2013 after a 41 year teaching and research career at Cornell. He is currently an Emeritus Professor of Pharmacology in the Department of Molecular Medicine at Cornell. He continues to teach in the veterinary curriculum.

The main focus of his teaching and research was in pharmacology. His research was largely directed to the neurochemistry and neuropharmacology of brain dysfunction, particularly related to seizure disorders. In addition, he developed an interest in applied veterinary pharmacology and conducted pharmacokinetic studies with a number of drug classes in a variety of animal species of veterinary importance. He founded the Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Laboratory in 1993. This service provided veterinary practitioners from around the world with information on designing therapeutic regimes in their patients.

His teaching in the veterinary curriculum was largely focused on applied veterinary pharmacology. He is a 3-time winner of the Norden Award for Distinguished Teaching in Veterinary Medicine and twice was honored with the SCAVMA Award for Excellence in Teaching in Basic Sciences. In 1984 he was awarded a Fogarty International Fellowship to conduct a sabbatical leave at the Veterinary College, Free University in Berlin, Germany.

He married his high school sweetheart, Donna Laufersweiler, in 1963. They have two children and four grandchildren.

A Note From The Authors

In our day-to-day practice of seeing patients, of teaching, and of interacting with fellow veterinarians, we see smart phones and electronic tablets in constant use. We also are intensely aware of the exponential growth of information and the need for evidence-based veterinary resources.

As unashamed skeptics, we also wished dearly for extensive, objective evidence to support every treatment recommendation. The process of creating this database confirmed what many of us know to be true, which is that clinical information and even therapeutic guidelines often are based on a mixture of information that ranges from superb studies to unfounded personal opinion.

We discovered through our observations that a carefully-created collection that contains the best existing peer-reviewed evidence, with its strengths and weaknesses, and arranged in a template format with the busy practicing veterinarian in mind, would be feasible and should be welcome.

The Vet Drug Index is the result of our commitment to create something that speaks to these needs, started from scratch, fully linked to peer-reviewed open-source data, and designed for rapid, in-clinic portable use.

This database presents such a selection of drugs that we feel are most important in small animal practice, with supportive information in the form of one or more citations to original medical articles in peer-reviewed journals. No database can claim to be truly exhaustive, and this one is no exception. We have dug deeply in the literature, selected the essential information as we see it, and compiled it in a user-friendly format.

The result is intended to be a simple, usable drug index anchored in a very broad foundation of published, online-accessible primary information. It is not a comprehensive listing of every paper ever written on each drug, nor all recorded adverse effects for every drug creating a bewildering list that no busy clinician can read in the heat of a hectic day. Rather, we have sought to present what we feel is the top tier of the most clinically valuable, available, scientifically defensible information as it relates to dogs and cats.

Lastly, we believe it is important to note that Timeless, the authors and research team have created this drug index without funding from pharmaceutical companies, medical device manufacturers, advocacy groups, or any other entity with any direct or indirect interest in promoting one treatment over another.


Etienne Côté, Stephen Ettinger and Wayne Schwark.